Marieta (Mazurka) by Francisco Tarrega (1852-1909)
Tárrega is considered to have laid the foundations for 20th century classical guitar and for increasing interest in the guitar as a recital instrument. Tárrega preferred small intimate performances over the concert stage. Some believe this was because he played without the nails needed for volume. Others say this was related to his childhood trauma.
A Mazurka is a polish dance form resembling the polka, frequently adopted as a ballet form. It is written in triple time 3/4 or 3/8 time with the second beat heavily accented. Mazurka is a style of dancing that originated among ordinary people and not in the royal courts. Francisco Tarrega’s Mazurka “Marieta” is named after a woman. Not sure who that is. One thing for sure is that Tarrega is my favorite guitar composer next to Bach. To me, this mazurka carries an eerie tone to it. The song also explores several guitar techniques making it challenging to play.
Lento (slow). 3/4 Time Signature. 24 Bars with 2 parts. Play as AABBA .
Part A: Lots of slides and half step hammer ons/pull offs. 2 harmonics which marks the end of each passage.
Part B: More difficult with more barred chords. Some parts played in triplets (marked as “|” in my tab). Bar,,, strum top 2 strings downwards as you slide the chord. In the tab I have left out most right hand fingering to give you some flexibility to playing this song. As this mazurka is a left hand predominate song, right hand fingering is up to you to explore.
There are several technique in this song. Hammer on, pull off, harmonic, high fret barred chords, triplets, etc… When it comes to Tarrega, you need patience. Play the song in sections and work on piecing it together later. Always start slow so you won’t stumble later. Practice is the key